Floor cloths are a heavy cloth or canvas oiled and painted for use on the floor. They came to being in England but did not see common usage among the middle class until the 18th century.
Early American homes, began to see floor cloths among the merchant class in the late 18th century. They were used both in tents and homes and often times mimicked parquet or marble floors.
The designs we use in our floor cloths are often taken from historical records.